10000044 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])


The article you requested is

Residual Symptoms in Depression: Can Treatment Be Symptom-Specific? [CME]

J Clin Psychiatry 2003;64:516-523
Copyright 2003 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email


Background: Most patients with depression continue to have symptoms after treatment. It is well documented that these "residual" symptoms are common and are associated with increases in suboptimal long-term outcomes such as relapse and disability. While it is clear that residual symptoms, as a group, contribute to poor outcomes, individual residual symptoms have received relatively little attention. To some extent, this lack of attention reflects an uncertainty in the field about the relationship of the syndrome of depression to the symptoms by which the syndrome is defined.

Method: Recognizing that for clinicians and patients symptom relief is the goal of treatment, this article reviews the evidence that a symptomatic approach to individual residual symptoms is both feasible and useful. Evidence was gathered through a MEDLINE review of articles published in English from 1966 to 2002. Multiple keywords relating to symptoms, depression, and treatment were used.

Results: Many of the agents that psychiatrists use for augmentation of depression treatment, such as psychostimulants and alerting agents, atypical antipsychotics and mood stabilizers, and buspirone and benzodiazepines, have specific symptomatic effects, which raises the question of whether we are augmenting the core antidepressant effect or providing symptomatic relief. Fatigue, anxiety, sexual dysfunction, and sleep disturbances are all symptoms that are commonly leftover after treatment of depression. Some data indicate that treatment of these residual symptoms is efficacious and may affect the long-term outcome of depression.

Discussion: This discussion of the treatment of residual depressive symptoms raises a variety of research questions that should be addressed. Also implicit in this discussion are theoretical questions on the relationship between symptoms and syndrome.