10000140 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

 

The article you requested is

Treatment of Previously Undiagnosed Psychiatric Disorders in Persons With Developmental Disabilities Decreased or Eliminated Self-Injurious Behavior.

J Clin Psychiatry 2003;64:1081-1090
Copyright 2003 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

  1. NONSUBSCRIBERS
    1. Purchase this PDF for $30
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($129) or print + online ($166 individual).
    3. Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
  2. PAID SUBSCRIBERS
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email

| 67.202.4.225

Background: Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is one of the most common challenging behaviors in persons with autistic disorder or severe/profound mental retardation. Many psychotropic drugs have been evaluated for their effectiveness in SIB. Results have varied, and no one psychotropic drug has been indicated for SIB. In this prospective, open clinical study, psychotropic drugs were used to treat the previously undiagnosed psychiatric disorder in persons exhibiting SIB.

Method: Data were collected from 26 individuals with mental retardation (14 males, 12 females), 7 to 45 years of age (mean = 30.3 years), who exhibited SIB. Psychiatric diagnosis was made according to DSM-III-R and DSM-IV criteria. The Behavior Problem Inventory, Yudofsky's Overt Aggression Scale, repeated direct observation, and information on use of protective devices and Likert scales from log books were used to evaluate degree of SIB. Most of the patients were treated with different psychotropic drugs and behavior modification before they were evaluated for this study, but only 7 of them carried a psychiatric diagnosis. Data were collected between 1987 and 1997.

Results: Depressive disorders, impulse-control disorder, and anxiety disorder were the most common final diagnoses. Neuroleptics were discontinued in 5 patients and tapered by 50% to 75% in 14 patients. Antidepressants were added in 12 patients. Treatment of psychiatric disorders produced significant (p < .001) decrease in the severity of SIB in the 26 patients, and SIB was eliminated in 12 patients. The severity of SIB decreased to mild from a moderate, severe, or extreme degree in 11 patients and from an extreme to a severe degree in 3 patients.

Conclusion: The most effective treatment for SIB that is resistant to environment changes and behavior modification in persons with developmental disabilities is the treatment of their psychiatric disorders with the appropriate psychotropics.