10000403 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])


The article you requested is

The Attribution of Somatization in Schizophrenia Patients: A Naturalistic Follow-Up Study.

J Clin Psychiatry 2003;64:1370-1378
Copyright 2003 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email


Background: Knowledge is limited concerning somatic symptoms that cannot be accounted for by detectable somatic illness among schizophrenia patients. This study aimed to explore the prevalence, correlates, and predictors of somatization among schizophrenia patients.

Method: Initial data on all consecutively admitted adult patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, major depressive disorder, or bipolar disorder were collected between August 1998 and August 2000. Standardized measures of psychopathology, somatization, emotional distress, adverse effects, insight, and stress process-related (psychosocial) variables were administered to 237 schizophrenia patients at admission and at least 12 months thereafter (N = 148). Partial correlation and multiple regression analyses were performed.

Results: The frequency of somatization, defined as the presentation of 5 or more medically unexplained somatic symptoms (Somatic Symptom Index-5), among the inpatient population (27%) did not change significantly after at least 12 months (30%; p = .61). Regression analysis showed that somatization scores were best predicted by the combination of scores for emotional distress attributed to psychopathology and side effects, expressed emotion, and insight. This combined model explains at least 40% of the variance in somatization scores. Self-esteem and social support showed negative association with somatization scores. Somatization scores were not associated with gender, age, education, age at onset, observed severity of psychopathology, subtype and duration of illness, number of admissions and treatment settings, or type and dose of antipsychotic agents.

Conclusions: Somatization is a prevalent problem among schizophrenia patients and is associated with emotional distress attributed to psychopathology, side effects of antipsychotic agents, and family members' attitudes toward schizophrenia patients. This study suggests that insight, self-esteem, and social support may protect against somatization in schizophrenia patients.