10001233 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

 

The article you requested is

Tachyphylaxis in Unipolar Major Depressive Disorder.

J Clin Psychiatry 2005;66:283-290
Copyright 2005 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

  1. NONSUBSCRIBERS
    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
  2. PAID SUBSCRIBERS
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email

| 54.225.1.70

Background: Major depressive disorder is usually a recurring illness, and maintenance treatment is used to forestall or prevent recurrent episodes of depression. This study describes recurrence of major depression despite maintenance pharmacotherapy, termed tachyphylaxis.

Method: The study sample consisted of 103 subjects who participated in the NIMH Collaborative Depression Study, a multicenter longitudinal observational study of the mood disorders. Subjects diagnosed with unipolar major depressive disorder according to Research Diagnostic Criteria were enrolled from 1978-1981 and prospectively followed for up to 20 years. As an observational study, treatment was recorded but not controlled by anyone connected with the study. Subjects were selected for the present study if at some point during follow-up they received antidepressant medication for treatment of an episode of major depressive disorder, recovered from this episode, and subsequently received maintenance pharmacotherapy. Some subjects were successfully treated for multiple episodes of major depressive disorder and then received maintenance medication after each of these episodes, resulting in multiple maintenance treatment intervals. Data were collected using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-Up Evaluation, and mixed-effects logistic regression was used to test the association of sociodemographic and clinical variables with tachyphylaxis.

Results: For the 103 subjects, there were 171 maintenance treatment intervals in which a subject received maintenance pharmacotherapy after having recovered from an episode of major depressive disorder. The median duration of maintenance treatment was 20 weeks. Tachyphylaxis occurred during 43 (25%) of these 171 maintenance treatment intervals. The subtype of melancholic (endogenous) major depressive disorder significantly elevated the risk of tachyphylaxis during the subsequent maintenance treatment interval.

Conclusions: Despite the use of maintenance pharmacotherapy, major depression recurs in a considerable number of patients. Improved prophylaxis for these patients requires other treatment strategies based upon a greater understanding of recurrence.