10001630 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])


The article you requested is

Effects of Nefazodone on Body Weight: A Pooled Analysis of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor­ and Imipramine-Controlled Trials.

J Clin Psychiatry 2001;62:256-260
Copyright 2001 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email


Background: Evidence suggests that the newer antidepressant drugs may differ with respect to their effects on body weight, especially during long-term treatment. However, the published data about treatment-emergent weight change with the newer antidepressants are limited. Most reports of unexpected selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)-associated weight gain are anecdotal or from small controlled trials. To determine if differences exist among the newer antidepressants, the authors retrospectively analyzed data from clinical trials comparing nefazodone with SSRIs and with imipramine.

Method: Weight change data supplied by Bristol-Myers Squibb from 6 completed clinical trials comparing the antidepressant nefazodone (N = 523) with 3 SSRIs, fluoxetine, sertraline, and paroxetine (N = 513), as well as 3 trials comparing nefazodone (N = 225) with the tricyclic antidepressant imipramine (N = 224) were analyzed. In all studies, nefazodone was found to be equal in efficacy to the comparator antidepressants. Studies that included both acute and long-term treatment phases were included in the analysis. Acute phases of the trials lasted either 6 or 8 weeks, and long-term phases varied in duration from 16 to 46 weeks. The analysis included summarizing the number and percentage of patients in each group with a >= 7% change in body weight from baseline at any point in the long-term and acute phases, at endpoint, and at week 16 of the long-term phases.

Results: Using 7% or greater weight change as the measure of clinical significance, 4.3% of SSRI-treated patients had lost weight at any point in the acute phase versus 1.7% of those treated with nefazodone (p = .017). However, at any point during the long-term phase, significantly more SSRI-treated patients than nefazodone-treated patients showed a significant increase in body weight (17.9% vs. 8.3%; p = .003). At any point in the acute phase, significantly more imipramine-treated patients than nefazodone-treated patients had a 7% or greater increase in body weight (4.9% vs. 0.9%; p = .027), and for the long-term phase the comparison yielded 24.5% versus 9.5%. The difference during the long-term phase was statistically significant in women (p = .017), but not in men (p = .078) due to the small numbers of men in each group.

Conclusion: SSRIs caused more weight loss during short-term treatment but more weight gain during long-term treatment. These results lend support to the observation that some antidepressants have a greater expected risk of weight gain than others during long-term therapy.