10002015 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

 

The article you requested is

Use of Sodium Valproate in Violent and Aggressive Behaviors: A Critical Review.

J Clin Psychiatry 2000;61:123-128
Copyright 2000 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

  1. NONSUBSCRIBERS
    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
  2. PAID SUBSCRIBERS
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email

| 54.227.11.2

Background: Valproate was initially introduced as an antiepileptic agent in 1967, but has been used over theyears to treat a variety of psychiatric disorders. Its use in the treatment of patients exhibiting aggressive and violent behaviors has been reported in the literature as far back as 1988. However,these reports are uncontrolled, which is in marked contrast to the actual wide and established use of valproate for the treatment of aggressive behaviors. The aim of this report is to critically review the available data on valproate's use in nonbipolar patients with aggressive and violent behaviors.

Data Sources: The MEDLINE and PsycLIT databaseswere searched for all reports published from 1987-1998 containing the keywords valproate, the names of all commercial preparations, aggression, and violence.

Study Findings: Seventeen reports with a total of 164 patients were located. Ten of these were case reports with a total of 31 patients. Three were retrospective chart reviews with 83 patients, and 3 were open-label prospective studies with a total of 34 patients. No double-blind, placebo-controlled study could be found. An overall response rate of 77.1% was calculated when response was defined as a 50% reduction of target behavior. Most frequent diagnoses recorded were dementia, organic brain syndromes, and mental retardation. The antiaggressive response usually occurred in conjunction with other psychotropic medication. The dose and plasma valproate level required for response appeared to be the same as in the treatment of seizure disorders.

Discussion: While valproate's general antiaggressive effect is promising, in the absence of controlled data, conclusions are limited at this time. Specific recommendations for study design are given to obtain interpretable data for this indication.