10002120 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])


The article you requested is

Treatment of Depression With Methylphenidate in Patients Difficult to Wean From Mechanical Ventilation in the Intensive Care Unit.

J Clin Psychiatry 2000;61:750-755
Copyright 2000 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email


Background: Mechanical ventilation is often required to support patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) with life-threatening cardiovascular, respiratory, or neuromuscular disorders. Occasionally, difficulties related to weaning patients from this support occur owing to depression. The traditional and newer-generation antidepressant drugs have a relatively long latency of response that interferes with rehabilitation attempts in the ICU. Psychostimulants such as methylphenidate show a rapid onset of antidepressant activity and a benign side effect profile.

Method: As consulting psychiatrists in the consultation-liaison service of a university hospital, we treated 7 patients with complex ICU courses presenting prolonged mechanical ventilation and psychomotor retardation associated with markedly depressed mood (DSM-IV criteria) by giving them methylphenidate. Methylphenidate was started on the first day at a dose of 2.5 mg p.o. in the morning and was increased by 2.5 mg each day with twice-a-day dosing in the morning and at noon until the patient responded or showed side effects. A maximum dose of 15 mg/day was not exceeded. Outcome evaluation was performed using the Clinical Global Impressions scale.

Results: Five (71%) of 7 patients showed marked or moderate improvement in mood and activity within 3 to 4 days, and discontinuation of ventilator support was achieved within 8 to 14 days. Side effects with these 5 patients were not encountered. Of the remaining 2 patients (29%), 1 developed psychomotor agitation and anxiety within 4 days. Another patient showed only minimal improvement with regard to activity.

Conclusion: Methylphenidate might be a rapidly effective and safe treatment for depression in difficult-to-wean patients hospitalized for life-threatening medical illness in the ICU. Implications for future research for this population of patients warrant formal randomized, prospective, clinical case-control evaluation.