10002412 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

 

The article you requested is

Study of Impulse-Control Disorders Among Alcohol-Dependent Patients.

J Clin Psychiatry 1999;60:302-305
10.4088/JCP.v60n0506
Copyright 1999 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

  1. NONSUBSCRIBERS
    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
  2. PAID SUBSCRIBERS
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email

| 54.91.135.161

Background:Impulse-control disorders (ICDs) include intermittent explosive disorder, kleptomania, trichotillomania, pyromania, and pathological gambling. Several studies have suggested that the incidence of pathological gambling is substantially higher in alcoholics than in the general population. The rate of co-occurrence of other ICDs and alcohol dependence has never been systematically investigated. In our study, we assessed the frequency of all ICDs in a population of alcohol-dependent patients. We also examined the possibility that the presence of an ICD can correspond to earlier onset and more severe forms of alcoholism, which have a greater association with antisocial personality.

Method: All patients hospitalized at our psychiatric unit for detoxification between January and August 1997 met DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence and were included in this study. Diagnosis of alcohol dependence was confirmed with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. ICDs were investigated using the Minnesota Impulsive Disorders Interview. All patients completed the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. Results: Among the 79 patients included in the study, 30 (38.0%) met criteria for an ICD. Included in the study were 19 cases of intermittent explosive disorder, 7 cases of pathological gambling, 3 cases of kleptomania, and 1 case of trichotillomania. Patients with co-occurring ICDs were significantly younger than patients without an ICD (mean age = 40.7 vs. 44.5 years; p = .03). Patients with co-occurring pathological gambling were significantly younger at the onset of alcohol dependence than patients without ICDs (mean age = 19.5 vs. 25.9 years; p = .0008). Pathological gamblers had significantly longer duration of alcohol dependence compared with patients without ICDs (26.0 vs. 17.9 years; p = .02). Patients with co-occurring intermittent explosive disorder had the shortest duration of alcohol dependence of all patients (9.9 years). Prevalence of antisocial personality disorder was no different in patients with or without co-occurring ICDs.

Conclusion: Thirty-eight percent of the alcohol-dependent patients studied presented with an ICD. Patients with ICDs were younger than those without an ICD. The presence of an ICD was not associated with a specific form of alcohol dependence or with antisocial personality. Co-occurrence of pathological gambling, however, was associated with lower age at onset of alcohol dependence, a higher number of detoxifications, and a longer duration of alcohol dependence than was absence of an ICD.