10002680 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

 

The article you requested is

Relapse of Aggressive and Disruptive Behavior in Mentally Retarded Adults Following Antipsychotic Drug Withdrawal Predicts Psychotropic Drug Use a Decade Later.

J Clin Psychiatry 2006;67:1272-1277
Copyright 2006 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

  1. NONSUBSCRIBERS
    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
  2. PAID SUBSCRIBERS
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email

| 54.198.138.254

Background: Mental retardation is frequently associated with aggression toward self and others. Antipsychotic medications are frequently used as a major treatment of such aggression. However, national and state policies and guidelines are weighted toward stopping or decreasing the doses of these medications whenever possible, although exceptions are permitted. The purpose of this study was to determine if relapse during or after antipsychotic drug withdrawal in mentally retarded adults predicts continuing antipsychotic drug use an average of a decade later.

Method: We report here on a 6- to 13-year (average 10-year) follow-up of 151 institutionalized mentally retarded adults. During the period 1990-1997, the subjects had been prescribed antipsychotic medications to treat maladaptive behaviors, primarily consisting of aggression, disruptive/destructive behaviors, or a combination of these. We compared subjects' psychotropic medication profiles in 2003 as they related to outcome during the earlier period. Our goal was to determine if rapid relapse (a clinically significant increase in maladaptive target symptoms, beginning 3 months or less after antipsychotic drug termination or dosage reduction, that was reversed by antipsychotic drug reinstitution or dosage increases) during or after routine withdrawal of an antipsychotic predicted psychotropic drug use in 2003.

Results: For those individuals successfully withdrawn from antipsychotic medications, 66.3% (55/83) were still psychotropic drug free in 2003. For those who rapidly relapsed during the period 1990-1997 following antipsychotic drug withdrawal or dosage decreases, only 9.0% (5/55) were psychotropic medication free in 2003.

Conclusion: These observations support policies and guidelines indicating that attempts to stop treatment with antipsychotic medications in mentally retarded individuals are worthwhile. However, the results also indicate that eventual discontinuation of antipsychotic medications in institutionalized mentally retarded adults who have previously relapsed upon such withdrawal is unlikely to be successful. Rigid adherence to drug withdrawal policies and guidelines in such individuals should be reconsidered.