10003711 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])


The article you requested is

Are Psychological and Pharmacologic Interventions Equally Effective in the Treatment of Adult Depressive Disorders? A Meta-Analysis of Comparative Studies

J Clin Psychiatry 2008;69:1675-1685
Copyright 2008 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email


Objective: A large number of studies suggest that both psychological and pharmacologic therapies are effective in the treatment of mild-to-moderate depressive disorders. Whether both types of intervention are equally effective has not been established definitively.

Data Sources: A database was developed through a comprehensive literature search (from 1966 to May 2007) in which 6947 abstracts in PubMed (1244 abstracts), PsycINFO (1736), EMBASE (1911), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2056) were examined. Abstracts were identified by combining terms indicative of psychological treatment and depression (both MeSH terms and text words). For this database, the primary studies from 22 meta-analyses of psychological treatment for depression were also collected.

Study Selection: For the current study, the abstracts of 832 studies were examined.

Data Extraction: Thirty randomized trials were included in a meta-analysis that compared the effects of a psychological treatment for 3178 adults with a diagnosed depressive disorder (major depressive disorder, dysthymia, minor depressive disorder) with the effects of a pharmacologic treatment.

Data Synthesis: In studies of patients with dysthymia, pharmacotherapy was significantly more effective than psychotherapy (d = -0.28, 95% CI = -0.47 to -0.10). In patients with major depressive disorder, treatments with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) were significantly more effective than psychological treatments, while treatment with other antidepressants did not differ significantly. Subgroup and metaregression analyses did not show that pretest severity of depressive symptoms was associated with differential effects of psychological and pharmacologic treatments of major depressive disorder. Dropout rates were smaller in psychological interventions compared with pharmacologic treatments (odds ratio = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.47 to 0.92).