10003783 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])


The article you requested is

Predictors of Early Abstinence in Smokers With Schizophrenia

J Clin Psychiatry 2008;69:1743-1750
Copyright 2008 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

    1. Purchase this PDF for $40
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP print + online for $166 individual.
      JCP's 75th AnniversaryCelebrate!
      Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email


Background: In patients with schizophrenia, the smoking cessation rate is low and the burden of smoking-related morbidity and mortality is high. Identification of factors associated with abstinence may allow clinicians to optimize treatment prior to a smoking cessation attempt.

Method: To identify factors associated with successful smoking cessation in patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia, we analyzed baseline data from 114 stable outpatient smokers with schizophrenia who participated in 1 of 2 smoking cessation trials. The outcome of interest was 4 weeks' continuous abstinence at the end of a 12-week nicotine dependence treatment intervention. Baseline factors associated with abstinence were identified with univariate methods and entered into a manual, forward-selection multivariable regression model to identify independent predictors of abstinence. The study was conducted from March 1999 to February 2004.

Results: Fourteen of 114 participants (12%) had biochemically verified 4 weeks' continuous abstinence at week 12. We included 10 noncorrelated variables with a univariate association with abstinence in a multivariable model, controlling for pharmacotherapy, age, and gender. Age at initiation of smoking and baseline variability in attentiveness, as measured by Continuous Performance Test-AX (CPT-AX) hit reaction time standard error, were independently associated with abstinence. For every year increase in age at initiation of smoking, the OR for abstinence was 1.36 (95% CI = 1.01 to 1.83), p = .048. For every millisecond decrease in the variability of the reaction time of CPT-AX, the OR for achieving abstinence was 1.55 (95% CI = 1.07 to 2.24), p = .021.

Conclusion: Later initiation of smoking was associated with increased and baseline attentional impairment with reduced odds of abstinence. Additional research to further our understanding of the relationship between attentional impairment and cigarette smoking in schizophrenia may lead to improved nicotine dependence treatments for this group.