10007278 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

 

The article you requested is

Increased Systemic Cortisol Metabolism in Patients With Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder: A Mechanism for Increased Stress Vulnerability?

J Clin Psychiatry 2011;72(11):1515-1521
10.4088/JCP.10m06068yel
Copyright 2011 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

  1. NONSUBSCRIBERS
    1. Purchase this PDF for $30
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($129) or print + online ($166 individual).
    3. Celebrate JCP's 75th Anniversary with a special online-only subscription price of $75.
  2. PAID SUBSCRIBERS
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email

| 54.205.95.9

Objective: The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis seems dysregulated and part of the pathophysiology in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Recent evidence indicates that systemic cortisol metabolism influences blood cortisol levels and HPA axis functioning. Our objective was to estimate systemic cortisol metabolism by means of the activity of 5α-reductase, 5β-reductase, and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11β-HSD) in patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia spectrum disorders compared to healthy controls.

Method: Inpatients and outpatients aged 18 to 65 years with DSM-IV bipolar disorder (n = 69) or schizophrenia (n = 87) were consecutively recruited to the catchment area–based Thematically Organized Psychosis Research (TOP) study. Healthy controls (n = 169) were randomly selected from statistical records from the same catchment area and were contacted by letter inviting them to participate. Spot urine samples were collected in a cross-sectional manner from November 2006 to November 2008. Urinary free cortisol and cortisone and their metabolites were analyzed with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and used as indicators of 5α-reductase, 5β-reductase, and 11β-HSD activity.

Results: The combined patient group had increased activity of 5α-reductase, 5β-reductase, and 11β-HSD2 (all P < .001) compared to controls. Elevated systemic cortisol metabolism was present in both schizophrenia (5α-reductase, 5β-reductase, and 11β-HSD2; all P < .001) and bipolar disorder (5α-reductase [P = .016], 5β-reductase [P = .001], and 11β-HSD2 [P = .007]).

Conclusions: The results indicate increased activity of cortisol metabolism in patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia compared to healthy controls and suggest that increased systemic cortisol metabolism is involved in the pathophysiology and stress vulnerability in these severe mental disorders. The findings should be explored further in terms of potential new drug targets, and they add to the physiologic rationale for stress coping strategies in these patient groups.

J Clin Psychiatry

Submitted: February 19, 2010; accepted March 29, 2010.

Online ahead of print: February 8, 2011 (doi:10.4088/JCP.10m06068yel).

Corresponding author: Nils Eiel Steen, MD, Department of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, 0514 Oslo, Norway (n.e.steen@medisin.uio.no).