10007816 J Clin Psychiatry / Document Archive

Psychiatrist.com Home    Keyword Search

Close [X]

Search Our Sites

Enter search terms below (keywords, titles, authors, or subjects). Then select a category to search and press the Search button. All words are assumed to be required. To search for an exact phrase, put it in quotes. To exclude a term, precede it with a minus sign (-).

Keyword search:

Choose a category:

Choosing the appropriate category will greatly improve your chances of finding the best match.

All files at our sites: J Clin Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion, CME Institute, and MedFair

Search materials from our journals:

Abstracts from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements

PDFs of the full text of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1996–present, both regular issues and supplements (Net Society Platinum [paid subscribers])

PDFs of the full text of The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1999–present

Search CME offerings:

CME Institute, including CME from journals , supplements, and Web activities for instant CME credit (Net Society Gold [registered users]); also includes information about our CME program

CME activities from regular issues of The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

CME Supplements from The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Net Society Gold [registered users])

 

The article you requested is

Does the Presence of an Open-Label Antidepressant Treatment Period Influence Study Outcome in Clinical Trials Examining Augmentation/Combination Strategies in Treatment Partial Responders/Nonresponders With Major Depressive Disorder?

J Clin Psychiatry 2012;73(5):676-683
10.4088/JCP.11r06978
Copyright 2012 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

To view this item, select one of the options below.

  1. NONSUBSCRIBERS
    1. Purchase this PDF for $30
      If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
      (You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
    2. Subscribe
      Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($129) or print + online ($166 individual).
  2. PAID SUBSCRIBERS
    1. Activate
      If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
    2. Sign in
      As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
  1. Did you forget your password?

Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send an email

| 54.237.134.62

Objective: The authors sought to determine study design factors that may influence clinical trial outcome in augmentation/combination trials for antidepressant partial responders/nonresponders with major depressive disorder (MDD) and to examine whether the use of a prospective treatment phase (lead-in) to assess antidepressant nonresponse may result in a better chance to detect a drug-placebo separation in such trials.

Data Sources: MEDLINE/PubMed publication databases were searched for randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of adjunctive pharmacologic strategies for antidepressant partial responders/nonresponders with MDD. The search term depression was successively cross-referenced with the terms augmentation, adjunct, and adjunctive to identify pertinent trials. (The search was limited to articles published between January 1980 and October 2010.)

Study Selection: Thirty-five articles involving 40 adjunctive drug versus placebo comparisons were pooled (n = 4,676). Final inclusion of articles was determined by consensus between the authors.

Data Extraction: Data extracted included whether there was a lead-in phase and, if so, the drugs, the doses, and the total duration of the lead-in phase. Additional data extracted included the number of patients enrolled, patient characteristics, methods used to define treatment resistance, drug dosages, duration of the adjunctive trial, response and remission rates, and rates of discontinuation for any reason and for adverse events.

Results: The risk ratio of responding to the adjunctive drug versus placebo was not influenced by any of the study design factors analyzed (probability of receiving placebo, year of publication, severity of depression at baseline). Meta-regression analysis yielded no significant difference in the risk ratio of responding and remitting to the adjunctive drug versus placebo between studies that did versus did not include an antidepressant lead-in phase. However, pooled response/remission rates for adjunctive drug and placebo were statistically significantly lower in trials that did versus did not include a lead-in phase (response rates: for adjunctive drug, 42.6% vs 47.4%, respectively, P = .014; for adjunctive placebo, 29.7% vs 36.2%, respectively, P = .002; remission rates: for adjunctive drug, 31.0% vs 37.3%, respectively, P = .003; and adjunctive placebo, 18.1% vs 24.7%, respectively, P = .001).

Conclusions: These results suggest that the choice to use historical data only to define treatment resistance prior to patient enrollment and randomization rather than requiring patients to first undergo a prospective lead-in phase can be a reasonable and evidence-supported approach to design effective clinical trials on augmentation/combination strategies for partial responders/nonresponders with MDD.

J Clin Psychiatry

Submitted: March 1, 2011; accepted May 16, 2011.

Online ahead of print: April 3, 2012 (doi:10.4088/JCP.11r06978).

Corresponding author: Nadia Iovieno, MD, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 1 Bowdoin Sq, Boston, MA 02114 (niovieno@partners.org).